Periodontitis, or gum disease, is extremely common. Periodontitis specifically is a serious infection that takes place in the gums. When bacteria has been given the chance to build up on and in between your teeth and makes its way to your gums, periodontitis is the end result. While it may not seem like a big deal for there to be a buildup of bacteria in the gums, periodontitis is an infection that requires treatment from a professional. Keep reading to learn a bit more about the infection, the signs and symptoms, how it can be avoided, and what the treatment process looks like.

What is Periodontitis

Periodontitis is a serious infection that is caused by a buildup of bacteria in the gums. Often times, this bacteria builds up on the teeth and gums due to a lack of oral hygiene and health. While it may not sound like a serious infection, the progression of periodontitis can lead to some serious damage. Over time, both your bones and teeth can suffer. In order to ensure that you don’t wind up with damage from periodontitis, proper treatment needs to happen.

Signs & Symptoms

Bacteria is something that we all have in our mouths, but when it is neglected it can turn into an infection. Periodontitis has various signs and symptoms that serve as red flags and prompt the need of treatment. Here are just a few of the symptoms that you should be cautious of:

 

  • Bleeding Gums
  • Bad Breath
  • Receding Gums
  • Tender Gums
  • Loose Teeth
  • Pain When Chewing
  • Plaque or Tartar Buildup
  • Teeth Falling Out

 

While these are some of the most common signs and symptoms, each case will vary. If you feel as though you might have an infection or are in a stage of periodontitis, contact your dentist to schedule a consultation.

Stages of Periodontitis

Periodontitis is an infection that continues to worsen over time. If care is put off, the symptoms and stages develop further. Here is a brief overview of the four stages that lead to periodontitis.

Gingivitis

A more commonly known issue with the gums, gingivitis is the first step to periodontitis and is most commonly known as the inflammation that happens because of plaque build up.

Early Periodontal Disease

At this point of the infection, the gums begin to recede and small pockets form between the gums and the teeth. This often causes a buildup in the bacteria and can create some sensitivity to the teeth.

Moderate Periodontal Disease

This stage of the progression will be when gums start to bleed more frequently and with little to no contact. Aside from that, there is a more serious pain in the mouth and gum recession continues. You may also start to notice that your teeth have loosened.

Advanced Periodontal Disease

This is the most severe stage of periodontitis. In this stage the tissue that holds your teeth in place has begun to deteriorate. Teeth start to fall out, and the tissue building up your gums and bones can be destroyed. Pain is at a high during this phase, and bad breath and a foul taste are extremely common.

Periodontal Treatment

The treatment of periodontitis will vary based on the condition. The primary goal of the treatment is to remove any plaque, tartar, and bacteria deposits that are on the teeth or in the gums. On top of that, there needs to be a strict schedule in regards to oral hygiene. Now, depending on the severity of the periodontitis, treatments could also include professional cleanings, antibiotics, and surgery. Follow up appointments and shorter periods between checkups are also common.

 

In order to determine what treatment is going to provide you with the relief and assistance that you need, you absolutely need to schedule a consultation with your dentist.

Schedule Your Treatment

If you are in need of treatment for periodontitis, contact the team at Century Dental. We have been in the industry for years and want to ensure that our patients’ smiles are healthy. Reach out to us today, and we would be more than happy to set up a time for a consultation on your teeth to better determine if this is a treatment that can help you.